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LeetCode__38. 外观数列

峰峰火火
2021-02-03 / 0 评论 / 0 点赞 / 146 阅读 / 20,902 字 / 正在检测是否收录...
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题目描述

给定一个正整数 n ,输出外观数列的第 n 项。
「外观数列」是一个整数序列,从数字 1 开始,序列中的每一项都是对前一项的描述。
你可以将其视作是由递归公式定义的数字字符串序列:
countAndSay(1) = "1"
countAndSay(n) 是对 countAndSay(n-1) 的描述,然后转换成另一个数字字符串。
前五项如下:
1
11
21
1211
111221
第一项是数字 1
描述前一项,这个数是 1 即 “ 一 个 1 ”,记作 "11"
描述前一项,这个数是 11 即 “ 二 个 1 ” ,记作 "21"
描述前一项,这个数是 21 即 “ 一 个 2 + 一 个 1 ” ,记作 "1211"
描述前一项,这个数是 1211 即 “ 一 个 1 + 一 个 2 + 二 个 1 ” ,记作 "111221"
要 描述 一个数字字符串,首先要将字符串分割为 最小 数量的组,每个组都由连续的最多 相同字符 组成。然后对于每个组,先描述字符的数量,然后描述字符,形成一个描述组。要将描述转换为数字字符串,先将每组中的字符数量用数字替换,再将所有描述组连接起来。

题解

思路:第一想到的是递归,但是递归也需要循环计算出现次数,就想了循环解法,题目较简单,只需要两个循环就行,时间复杂度n*str.length

暴力解法

func countAndSay(n int) string{
	dict := map[int]string{
		1:"1",
		2:"11",
		3:"21",
		4:"1211",
		5:"111221",
		6:"312211",
		7:"13112221",
		8:"1113213211",
		9:"31131211131221",
		10:"13211311123113112211",
		11:"11131221133112132113212221",
		12:"3113112221232112111312211312113211",
		13:"1321132132111213122112311311222113111221131221",
		14:"11131221131211131231121113112221121321132132211331222113112211",
		15:"311311222113111231131112132112311321322112111312211312111322212311322113212221",
		16:"132113213221133112132113311211131221121321131211132221123113112221131112311332111213211322211312113211",
		17:"11131221131211132221232112111312212321123113112221121113122113111231133221121321132132211331121321231231121113122113322113111221131221",
		18:"31131122211311123113321112131221123113112211121312211213211321322112311311222113311213212322211211131221131211132221232112111312111213111213211231131122212322211331222113112211",
		19:"1321132132211331121321231231121113112221121321132122311211131122211211131221131211132221121321132132212321121113121112133221123113112221131112311332111213122112311311123112111331121113122112132113213211121332212311322113212221",
		20:"11131221131211132221232112111312111213111213211231132132211211131221131211221321123113213221123113112221131112311332211211131221131211132211121312211231131112311211232221121321132132211331121321231231121113112221121321133112132112312321123113112221121113122113121113123112112322111213211322211312113211",
		21:"311311222113111231133211121312211231131112311211133112111312211213211312111322211231131122211311122122111312211213211312111322211213211321322113311213212322211231131122211311123113223112111311222112132113311213211221121332211211131221131211132221232112111312111213111213211231132132211211131221232112111312211213111213122112132113213221123113112221131112311311121321122112132231121113122113322113111221131221",
		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
		24:"3113112221131112311332111213122112311311123112111331121113122112132113121113222112311311221112131221123113112221121113311211131122211211131221131211132221121321132132212321121113121112133221123113112221131112311332111213213211221113122113121113222112132113213221232112111312111213322112132113213221133112132123123112111311222112132113311213211221121332211231131122211311123113321112131221123113112221132231131122211211131221131112311332211213211321223112111311222112132113212221132221222112112322211211131221131211132221232112111312111213111213211231132132211211131221232112111312211213111213122112132113213221123113112221133112132123222112111312211312112213211231132132211211131221131211132221121311121312211213211312111322211213211321322113311213212322211231131122211311123113321112131221123113112211121312211213211321222113222112132113223113112221121113122113121113123112112322111213211322211312113211",
		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
		26:"1113122113121113222123211211131211121311121321123113213221121113122123211211131221121311121312211213211321322112311311222113311213212322211211131221131211221321123113213221121113122113121113222112131112131221121321131211132221121321132132211331121321232221123113112221131112311322311211131122211213211331121321122112133221121113122113121113222123211211131211121311121321123113111231131122112213211321322113311213212322211231131122211311123113223112111311222112132113311213211221121332211231131122211311123113321112131221123113111231121113311211131221121321131211132221123113112211121312211231131122113221122112133221121113122113121113222123211211131211121311121321123113213221121113122113121113222113221113122113121113222112132113213221232112111312111213322112311311222113111221221113122112132113121113222112311311222113111221132221231221132221222112112322211213211321322113311213212312311211131122211213211331121321123123211231131122211211131221131112311332211213211321223112111311222112132113213221123123211231132132211231131122211311123113322112111312211312111322111213122112311311123112112322211213211321322113312211223113112221121113122113111231133221121321132132211331121321232221123123211231132132211231131122211331121321232221123113112221131112311332111213122112311311123112112322211211131221131211132221232112111312111213111213211231132132211211131221131211221321123113213221123113112221131112211322212322211231131122211322111312211312111322211213211321322113311213211331121113122122211211132213211231131122212322211331222113112211",
		27:"31131122211311123113321112131221123113111231121113311211131221121321131211132221123113112211121312211231131122211211133112111311222112111312211312111322211213211321322123211211131211121332211231131122211311122122111312211213211312111322211231131122211311123113322112111331121113112221121113122113111231133221121113122113121113222123211211131211121332211213211321322113311213211322132112311321322112111312212321121113122122211211232221123113112221131112311332111213122112311311123112111331121113122112132113311213211321222122111312211312111322212321121113121112133221121321132132211331121321132213211231132132211211131221232112111312212221121123222112132113213221133112132123123112111311222112132113311213211231232112311311222112111312211311123113322112132113212231121113112221121321132122211322212221121123222112311311222113111231133211121312211231131112311211133112111312211213211312111322211231131122211311123113322113223113112221131112311332211211131221131211132211121312211231131112311211232221121321132132211331221122311311222112111312211311123113322112132113213221133122211332111213112221133211322112211213322112111312211312111322212321121113121112131112132112311321322112111312212321121113122112131112131221121321132132211231131122211331121321232221121113122113121122132112311321322112111312211312111322211213111213122112132113121113222112132113213221133112132123222112311311222113111231132231121113112221121321133112132112211213322112111312211312111322212311222122132113213221123113112221133112132123222112111312211312111322212321121113121112133221121311121312211213211312111322211213211321322123211211131211121332211213211321322113311213212312311211131122211213211331121321122112133221123113112221131112311332111213122112311311123112111331121113122112132113121113222112311311222113111221221113122112132113121113222112132113213221133122211332111213322112132113213221132231131122211311123113322112111312211312111322212321121113122123211231131122113221123113221113122112132113213211121332212311322113212221",
		28:"13211321322113311213212312311211131122211213211331121321123123211231131122211211131221131112311332211213211321223112111311222112132113213221123123211231132132211231131122211311123113322112111312211312111322111213122112311311123112112322211213211321322113312211223113112221121113122113111231133221121321132132211331121321232221123123211231132132211231131122211331121321232221123113112221131112311332111213122112311311123112112322211211131221131211132221232112111312211322111312211213211312111322211231131122111213122112311311221132211221121332211213211321322113311213212312311211131122211213211331121321123123211231131122211211131221232112111312211312113211223113112221131112311332111213122112311311123112112322211211131221131211132221232112111312211322111312211213211312111322211231131122111213122112311311221132211221121332211211131221131211132221232112111312111213111213211231132132211211131221232112111312211213111213122112132113213221123113112221133112132123222112111312211312112213211231132132211211131221131211322113321132211221121332211213211321322113311213212312311211131122211213211331121321123123211231131122211211131221131112311332211213211321322113311213212322211322132113213221133112132123222112311311222113111231132231121113112221121321133112132112211213322112111312211312111322212311222122132113213221123113112221133112132123222112111312211312111322212311322123123112111321322123122113222122211211232221123113112221131112311332111213122112311311123112111331121113122112132113121113222112311311221112131221123113112221121113311211131122211211131221131211132221121321132132212321121113121112133221123113112221131112212211131221121321131211132221123113112221131112311332211211133112111311222112111312211311123113322112111312211312111322212321121113121112133221121321132132211331121321132213211231132132211211131221232112111312212221121123222112311311222113111231133211121321321122111312211312111322211213211321322123211211131211121332211231131122211311123113321112131221123113111231121123222112111331121113112221121113122113111231133221121113122113121113221112131221123113111231121123222112111312211312111322212321121113121112131112132112311321322112111312212321121113122122211211232221121321132132211331121321231231121113112221121321133112132112312321123113112221121113122113111231133221121321132132211331221122311311222112111312211311123113322112111312211312111322212311322123123112112322211211131221131211132221132213211321322113311213212322211231131122211311123113321112131221123113112211121312211213211321222113222112132113223113112221121113122113121113123112112322111213211322211312113211",
		29:"11131221131211132221232112111312111213111213211231132132211211131221232112111312211213111213122112132113213221123113112221133112132123222112111312211312112213211231132132211211131221131211132221121311121312211213211312111322211213211321322113311213212322211231131122211311123113223112111311222112132113311213211221121332211211131221131211132221231122212213211321322112311311222113311213212322211211131221131211132221232112111312111213322112131112131221121321131211132221121321132132212321121113121112133221121321132132211331121321231231121113112221121321133112132112211213322112311311222113111231133211121312211231131122211322311311222112111312211311123113322112132113212231121113112221121321132122211322212221121123222112111312211312111322212321121113121112131112132112311321322112111312212321121113122112131112131221121321132132211231131122111213122112311311222113111221131221221321132132211331121321231231121113112221121321133112132112211213322112311311222113111231133211121312211231131122211322311311222112111312211311123113322112132113212231121113112221121321132122211322212221121123222112311311222113111231133211121312211231131112311211133112111312211213211312111322211231131122111213122112311311222112111331121113112221121113122113121113222112132113213221232112111312111213322112311311222113111221221113122112132113121113222112311311222113111221132221231221132221222112112322211211131221131211132221232112111312111213111213211231132132211211131221232112111312211213111213122112132113213221123113112221133112132123222112111312211312111322212321121113121112133221132211131221131211132221232112111312111213322112132113213221133112132113221321123113213221121113122123211211131221222112112322211231131122211311123113321112132132112211131221131211132221121321132132212321121113121112133221123113112221131112311332111213211322111213111213211231131211132211121311222113321132211221121332211213211321322113311213212312311211131122211213211331121321123123211231131122211211131221131112311332211213211321223112111311222112132113213221123123211231132132211231131122211311123113322112111312211312111322111213122112311311123112112322211213211321322113312211223113112221121113122113111231133221121321132132211331121321232221123123211231132132211231131122211331121321232221123113112221131112311332111213122112311311123112112322211211131221131211132221232112111312211322111312211213211312111322211231131122111213122112311311221132211221121332211213211321322113311213212312311211131211131221223113112221131112311332211211131221131211132211121312211231131112311211232221121321132132211331121321231231121113112221121321133112132112211213322112312321123113213221123113112221133112132123222112311311222113111231132231121113112221121321133112132112211213322112311311222113111231133211121312211231131112311211133112111312211213211312111322211231131122111213122112311311221132211221121332211211131221131211132221232112111312111213111213211231132132211211131221232112111312211213111213122112132113213221123113112221133112132123222112111312211312111322212311222122132113213221123113112221133112132123222112311311222113111231133211121321132211121311121321122112133221123113112221131112311332211322111312211312111322212321121113121112133221121321132132211331121321231231121113112221121321132122311211131122211211131221131211322113322112111312211322132113213221123113112221131112311311121321122112132231121113122113322113111221131221",
		30:"3113112221131112311332111213122112311311123112111331121113122112132113121113222112311311221112131221123113112221121113311211131122211211131221131211132221121321132132212321121113121112133221123113112221131112212211131221121321131211132221123113112221131112311332211211133112111311222112111312211311123113322112111312211312111322212321121113121112133221121321132132211331121321132213211231132132211211131221232112111312212221121123222112311311222113111231133211121321321122111312211312111322211213211321322123211211131211121332211231131122211311123113321112131221123113111231121123222112111331121113112221121113122113111231133221121113122113121113221112131221123113111231121123222112111312211312111322212321121113121112131112132112311321322112111312212321121113122122211211232221121321132132211331121321231231121113112221121321132132211322132113213221123113112221133112132123222112111312211312112213211231132132211211131221131211322113321132211221121332211231131122211311123113321112131221123113111231121113311211131221121321131211132221123113112211121312211231131122211211133112111311222112111312211312111322211213211321223112111311222112132113213221133122211311221122111312211312111322212321121113121112131112132112311321322112111312212321121113122122211211232221121321132132211331121321231231121113112221121321132132211322132113213221123113112221133112132123222112111312211312112213211231132132211211131221131211322113321132211221121332211213211321322113311213212312311211131122211213211331121321123123211231131122211211131221131112311332211213211321223112111311222112132113213221123123211231132132211231131122211311123113322112111312211312111322111213122112311311123112112322211213211321322113312211223113112221121113122113111231133221121321132132211331222113321112131122211332113221122112133221123113112221131112311332111213122112311311123112111331121113122112132113121113222112311311221112131221123113112221121113311211131122211211131221131211132221121321132132212321121113121112133221123113112221131112311332111213122112311311123112112322211322311311222113111231133211121312211231131112311211232221121113122113121113222123211211131221132211131221121321131211132221123113112211121312211231131122113221122112133221121321132132211331121321231231121113121113122122311311222113111231133221121113122113121113221112131221123113111231121123222112132113213221133112132123123112111312211322311211133112111312211213211311123113223112111321322123122113222122211211232221121113122113121113222123211211131211121311121321123113213221121113122123211211131221121311121312211213211321322112311311222113311213212322211211131221131211221321123113213221121113122113121113222112131112131221121321131211132221121321132132211331121321232221123113112221131112311322311211131122211213211331121321122112133221121113122113121113222123112221221321132132211231131122211331121321232221121113122113121113222123211211131211121332211213111213122112132113121113222112132113213221232112111312111213322112132113213221133112132123123112111311222112132113311213211221121332211231131122211311123113321112131221123113112221132231131122211211131221131112311332211213211321223112111311222112132113212221132221222112112322211211131221131211132221232112111312111213111213211231131112311311221122132113213221133112132123222112311311222113111231132231121113112221121321133112132112211213322112111312211312111322212321121113121112131112132112311321322112111312212321121113122122211211232221121311121312211213211312111322211213211321322123211211131211121332211213211321322113311213211322132112311321322112111312212321121113122122211211232221121321132132211331121321231231121113112221121321133112132112312321123113112221121113122113111231133221121321132122311211131122211213211321222113222122211211232221123113112221131112311332111213122112311311123112111331121113122112132113121113222112311311221112131221123113112221121113311211131122211211131221131211132221121321132132212321121113121112133221123113112221131112311332111213213211221113122113121113222112132113213221232112111312111213322112132113213221133112132123123112111312211322311211133112111312212221121123222112132113213221133112132123222113223113112221131112311332111213122112311311123112112322211211131221131211132221232112111312111213111213211231132132211211131221131211221321123113213221123113112221131112211322212322211231131122211322111312211312111322211213211321322113311213211331121113122122211211132213211231131122212322211331222113112211",
	}
	return dict[n]
}

循环解法

    public static String countAndSay(int n) {
        if (n == 1) return "1";
        StringBuilder str=new StringBuilder("1");
        for (int i = 1; i < n; i++) {
            StringBuilder builder = new StringBuilder();
            int index = 0;
            for (int j = 0; j < str.length(); j++) {
                if (str.charAt(j)!=str.charAt(index)){
                    builder.append(j - index).append(str.charAt(index));
                    index = j;
                }
            }
            builder.append(str.length() - index).append(str.charAt(index));
            str = builder;
        }
        return str.toString();
    }

递归

public static String countAndSay(int n) {
        if (n == 1) return "1";
        String str = countAndSay(n-1);
        StringBuilder builder = new StringBuilder();
        int index = 0;
        for (int j = 0; j < str.length(); j++) {
            if (str.charAt(j)!=str.charAt(index)){
                builder.append(j - index).append(str.charAt(index));
                index = j;
            }
        }
        builder.append(str.length() - index).append(str.charAt(index));
        return builder.toString();
    }

总结

很明显,暴力解法最好,其次递归,再是循环

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